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Bacaba fruits, Amazon rain forest, Brazil. Oenocarpus is a genus of pinnate-leaved palms ( Arecaceae ). Common names in their native range are bacaba in Brazil, and palma milpesos (or just milpesos) in Spanish-speaking countries. The fruit of Oenocarpus palms are food for various animals and are also locally eaten by humans, and these palms are also used in folk medicine. Their wood is useful for handicraft.