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Illegal hunting Amazon_10rf00109.jpg
Seizure of illegal hunting and fishing by Amazonas State Environmental Police in Manaus city, north Brazil - Amazonian manatee head ( Trichechus inunguis ) among pirarucu fish fillet strips. The pirarucu, also known as arapaima or paiche ( Arapaima gigas ) is a South American tropical freshwater fish, it is a living fossil and one of the largest freshwater fishes in the world. The IUCN red list ranks the Amazonian manatee as vulnerable. Population declines are primarily a result of hunting, as well as calf mortality, climate change, and habitat loss.